The Yukaghir language family consists of just two languages:
Northern or Tundra Yukaghir and Southern or Forest Yukaghir, both
of which are spoken along the Kolyma River in North-East Siberia
and which are almost entirely mutually incomprehensible. Northern
Yukaghir, which is also known as Odul, Tundra or Tundre, is spoken
by about 150 people, while Southern Yukaghir, which is also know as
Kolym, Kolyma or Odul, has fewer than 50 speakers.
The Yukaghir languages with first written in the 1970s using a
spelling system using the Cyrillic alphabet devised by Gavril Kurilov,
a native speaker of Tundra Yukaghir. This system was accepted as the
official Yukaghir orthography by the Yakut Ministry of Education in
Some poetry, short stories, dictionaries, teaching materials and
translations from Russian have been published in Yukaghir. Both Yukaghir
languages have been taught to some extent in schools since the 1980s.
Northern Yukaghir alphabet and pronunciation
Sample text in Northern Yukaghir
Көдэҥ тэн – ньидитэ бандьэ параwааньэрэҥ тудэ чуҥдэн ньилдьилэк эннулҥинь-мэдьуолнуни. Көдэҥ энмун чундэ мэ льэй, таатльэр лукундьии ньинэмдьийилпэ дитэ эннуйуол-мораwньэҥи.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Yukaghir languages