Gothic was originally written with a Runic
alphabet about which little is known. One theory of the origins
of Runes is that they were invented by the Goths, but this is impossible
to prove as very few inscriptions of writing in Gothic runes survive.
The Gothic alphabet was invented around middle the 4th century AD by
Bishop Wulfila (311-383 AD), the religious leader of the Visigoths,
to provide his people with a written language and a means of reading
his translation of the Bible. It is based on the Greek
alphabet, with some extra letters from the Latin
and Runic alphabets.
Used to write:
Gothic, an extinct East Germanic language which was
spoken in parts of the Crimea up until the 17th century.
The Goths were divided into two main tribes: the Ostrogothi
or Greutungi (dune-dwellers) and the Visigothi or
Tervingi (steppe-dwellers). Related tribes included the
Burgundians and the Vandals.
There are no separate numerals, but each letter has a numeric value.
Sample text in Gothic (The Lord’s Prayer)
atta unsar þu in himinan weihnai namo þein
qimai þiudinassus þeins wairþai wilja þeins
swe in himina jah ana airþai
hlaif unsarana þana sinteinan gif uns himma daga
jah weis afletam þai skulam unsaraim
jah ni briggais uns in fraistubnjai
ak lausai uns of þamma ubilin
unte þeina ist þiudangardi
jah mahts jah wulþus in aiwins
Information about Gothic
An introductory overview of the Gothic language
Online Gothic dictionary
Project Wulfila – digital library of texts in Gothic and other Old Germanic languages
ALPHABETUM – a Unicode font
specifically designed for ancient scripts, including classical
& medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian,
Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic,
Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham,
Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic,
Linear B, Anatolian scripts, Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform: