Pirahã is thought to be the last surviving member of the Mura language
family. It is spoken by about 150 people, who live along the Maici river, a tributary of
the Amazon in Amazonas State of Brazil.
Pirahã has one of the smallest inventories of phonemes of any living
language. There are differences in the way men and women pronounce some
of the phonemes. There are only two numerals, “one” and “two”; no colours,
other than “light” and “dark”, and there’s a word that means both mother
and father. As well as being spoken, the language can also be whistled or
Tíobáhai hi báaiso kohoaihíaisóogabagaí.
Tí ‘ísi báaiso ‘ogabagai, gíiai
‘ogihíaihiaba. Tíobáhai hi ‘ísi
báaiso ‘oaboihaí. ‘Ahoakohoaihio ‘ísi
Information about the Pirahã languages
Pirahã Dictionary / Dicionário Mura-Pirahã
Audio sample of sung Pirahã — two boys singing about a day’s events